Glaser CM, Millesi W, Kornek GV, Long S, Schull B, Watzinger F, Selzer E, Lavey RS Impact of hemoglobin level and use of recombinant erythropoietin on efficacy of preoperative chemoradiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 50: 705-715

Abstract:

We assessed the influence of hemoglobin level and r-HuEPO administration on response to chemoradiotherapy, locoregional tumor control, and overall survival in patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery for a squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity or oropharynx.
The 191 study patients were treated with mitomycin C (15 mg/m(2) day 1), 5-fluorouracil (750 mg/m(2)/day, days 1-5), and radiotherapy (50 Gy in 25 fractions weeks 1-5), followed by resection of the primary tumor bed and neck dissection at the General Hospital Vienna, Austria, between November 1989 and October 1998 for a T2-4, N0-3, M0 SCC of the oral cavity or oropharynx. Starting in May 1996, patients with a low hemoglobin (Hgb) before or during chemoradiotherapy received r-HuEPO 10,000 IU/kg s.c. 3-6 times/week until the week of surgery.
On multivariate analysis, Hgb level and use of r-HuEPO were independent prognostic factors for response to chemoradiotherapy and locoregional tumor control (p < 0.01). Pathologic response to neoadjuvant therapy was also predictive of locoregional control (p < 0.001). Patients with a pretreatment Hgb > or = 14.5 g/dL had significantly higher complete response, locoregional control, and survival rates than the patients with a pretreatment Hgb < 14.5 g/dL who did not receive r-HuEPO (p < 0.05). The response, control, and survival rates in patients with a pretreatment Hgb < 14.5 g/dL given r-HuEPO were significantly higher than in low Hgb patients not given r-HuEPO (p < or = 0.001) and equivalent to patients with a pretreatment Hgb > 14.5 g/dL (p > or = 0.3).
Low pretreatment Hgb is a negative prognostic factor for oral cavity and oropharyngeal SCCA patients, but was completely abrogated by r-HuEpo administration during neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Randomized trials of radiation and/or chemotherapy with or without r-HuEPO for patients whose Hgb level is either low at the start of therapy or is anticipated to become low during therapy are indicated.

Glaser CM, Millesi W, Kornek GV, Long S, Schull B, Watzinger F, Selzer E, Lavey RSImpact of hemoglobin level and use of recombinant erythropoietin on efficacy of preoperative chemoradiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 50: 705-715 | Request PDF. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/11944684_Glaser_CM_Millesi_W_Kornek_GV_Long_S_Schull_B_Watzinger_F_Selzer_E_Lavey_RSImpact_of_hemoglobin_level_and_use_of_recombinant_erythropoietin_on_efficacy_of_preoperative_chemoradiation_therapy_for_squam [accessed Oct 22 2018].

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